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Texas State Board Of Dental Examiners Still Require Dental Offices To Follow COVID Emergency Rules And Still Require Everyone To Wear A Mask Regardless Of Governor Ruling

Periodontal disease, an infection that affects the gums and surrounding tissues, is not just a dental issue; it’s a health concern that can lead to serious complications if left untreated. It’s caused by plaque buildup on the gums and teeth due to inadequate dental care. Here’s everything you need to know about periodontal disease and its treatment:

What is Periodontal Therapy?

Periodontal therapy is a conservative or non-surgical treatment for gum diseases. Its objective is to treat and contain periodontal diseases without requiring surgery. Eventually, it contributes to restoring ideal gum health, which helps prevent tooth loss.

Symptoms of Periodontal Diseases

If you encounter the following symptoms or signs of periodontal disease, schedule an immediate consultation with your dentist:

  • Bad breath even after flossing and brushing
  • Inflamed gums
  • Pain while biting or chewing
  • Pockets between the teeth and gums
  • Bleeding while flossing or brushing
  • Receding gums

The Stages of Periodontal Diseases

Here are the four stages of periodontal disease:


Since gum disease has not yet affected the bone, it is reversible at this stage. Reversing the damage requires professional periodontal treatment to eradicate the germs and appropriate oral cleanliness.

Slight Periodontal Disease

Although the bacterium has begun to erode the bone, stage two gum disease is treatable. As the bacteria develop at this stage, they will become more aggressive and lead to bone loss.

Moderate Periodontal Disease

Gum disease cannot be reversed in its third stage. Probing depths of up to 7 mm (compared to stage two’s 5 mm) might target the immune system or bloodstream.

Advance Periodontal Diseases

The most serious stage of gum disease, which increases the risk of bone loss, is stage four. At this point, the gums probably exude pus and may require surgery.

What is the Treatment Procedure for Periodontal Diseases?

Below are the treatment procedures for periodontal diseases:

Medications and Mouthwash

Dentists frequently incorporate prescription drugs, such as antibacterial gels, into their treatment plans. Antibiotics such as amoxicillin or metronidazole are an additional option for periodontal treatment.

Prescription mouthwash also helps prevent new germs’ growth, which can help stop gum disease from progressing.


Deep cleaning, or scaling, gets rid of hidden plaque and tartar. Your dentist can remove these build-ups by using ultrasonic cleaners or manual instruments.

Root Planing

In root planing, uneven areas that impact the tooth root are smoothed out. The dentist can eradicate microorganisms lurking in these fissures by smoothing away the roughened parts.

Surgical Periodontal Treatments

Surgery can be necessary if you have severe periodontitis and have loose teeth or deep pockets surrounding your teeth. By reducing the size of the gum pockets surrounding your teeth, pocket reduction surgery facilitates better oral hygiene.

Bottom Line!

Periodontal disease can be really painful at times and is inclined to create bigger issues in the future. If you see any signs of periodontal disease, visit us at Royal Dental Associates or call (281) 655-0500 to book your appointment.

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